diet for congestive heart failure and diabetes

 Diet For Congestive Heart Failure And Diabetes 

Diet for congestive heart failure and diabetes. An essential part of the Mediterranean diet, olive oil helps the body use insulin more efficiently, lowers blood pressure, and reduces stroke and heart disease risks. Explains how diabetes affects heart health and how eating healthy can prevent complications....

diet for congestive heart failure and diabetes
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Introduction

A diet for congestive heart failure and diabetes is a multi-faceted approach to eating. If you have been diagnosed with congestive heart failure or diabetes, you will need to make some changes in your diet.


    What is congestive heart failure?

    Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a chronic condition in which the heart is unable to pump blood throughout the body at a rate that meets the body's needs. Instead, fluid backs up in the lungs and other parts of the body.


    CHF affects about 5 million people in this country and results in more than 350,000 deaths a year. But congestive heart failure can be diagnosed early when doctors listen for certain sounds that might signal heart muscle weakness during a physical exam or do an EKG or echocardiogram test to evaluate how well your heart is pumping.


    Untreated CHF can cause headaches, shortness of breath, tiredness and increased risk for infections. CHF can also interfere with everyday activities and lead to disability and decreased quality of life.


    CHF is treated with medications and, if needed, a heart/lung transplant. The success rate for CHF is good. More than 90 percent of people who get treatment will experience improvement — and many of these people live a normal, active life. Some will enjoy improved quality of life. Some will need treatment only occasionally to manage symptoms or prevent complications, or because they are candidates for a heart/lung transplant after they have exhausted other options.


    What causes congestive heart failure?

    CHF is caused by heart muscle that has lost its ability to pump blood. Although the precise cause of CHF remains unclear, scientists believe that the following factors contribute to the development of this disease:

    Genetics. A family history of heart failure is risk factor for developing the disease after age 50. Other risk factors include:

    Growing older, especially after age 50

    Being female, especially after age 50

    Long-term use of certain medications or other conditions such as diabetes or Parkinson's disease. These other conditions increase the risk of heart failure and may pose a secondary risk factor for other problems such as dementia, stroke and other vascular events.

    High blood pressure. High blood pressure is a major cause of both heart failure and heart attacks. It can lead to both damage to the heart muscle itself and to damage that causes further damage as the condition deteriorates over time. The most common chronic condition that develops into CHF is high blood pressure (hypertension).

    Congestive heart failure or CHF is a devastating and most often fatal condition that takes place when the heart's main pumping chamber, the left ventricle, becomes too weak to pump blood properly. The causes of congestive heart failure vary and appear in most cases due to buildup of fluid in the lungs and fluid accumulation around the body.


    Often-times, congestive heart failure can be an irreversible condition that requires immediate care from a doctor or nurse with experience in caring for patients with this condition. This is because it often results in worsening symptoms such as shortness of breath and difficulty breathing. Left untreated, the condition can lead to heart failure, which is the slowest and most painful death possible.


      congestive heart failure causes may appear in following forms:


    Congestive heart failure is often caused by some sort of damage to the blood vessels of the heart. It has been found that an abnormality of one or more of these blood vessels can cause problems with cardiac muscle contraction and lead to fluid build-up in the lungs. There are several types of conditions that can cause this damage, including:


    Congestive Heart Failure Causes also include various medical conditions that weaken the body's overall ability to circulate blood throughout all areas of the body. These conditions can be genetic or they can be acquired through lifestyle choices. These types of conditions include the following:



    Congestive heart failure may also result from different types of heart attacks. If the lower chambers of the heart are affected by a heart attack, or if areas of the heart are severely damaged by a stroke, this can lead to congestive heart failure symptoms. Congestive Heart Failure Causes may appear in following forms:



    Congestive Heart Failure Causes may also result from various congenital defects that are present on implantation of the egg into the uterus. These defects include problems that happen on formation of the chambers within the ventricles, as well as issues that occur during development of valves within these chambers.


    It is generally accepted that the main cause of congestive heart failure is attributed to a decline in the overall function of cardiac muscle.


    Currently, there are no known drug treatments or preventive methods for congestive heart failure. However, there are various options for people suffering from this condition, including:



    There have been a number of experimental treatments and drugs suggested as potential preventative care for people suffering from CHF. In 2008, it was discovered that one current major class of drugs, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEs), could reduce the risk of death in patient suffering from CHF by 30%.


     Diet for congestive heart failure and diabetes

    There are many types of diet that one can follow for their lifestyle to keep them healthy. There are different diets that can be followed for people who suffer from congestive heart failure and diabetes. It is good to go over these diets before deciding on one that will work best for you.


    The Atkins diet, the ketogenic diet, and the Paleo Diet are three examples of diets that people with congestive heart failure and diabetes might want to consider following along with. 

    Each of these three diets has particular guidelines about what foods should be consumed in order to succeed at attaining their goal. With the Atkins diet, protein is a big part of the diet. It is also recommended that people with this diet eat more than one serving of protein every day and less than ten servings of carbohydrates.

     The Paleo diet makes recommendations that are similar to the Atkins Diet, but it involves more vegetables and fruits when compared to the Atkins diet. This diet also recommends people consume more fat in their daily meals for this particular type of diet. 

    The ketogenic diet proposes that people limit their carbohydrate intake to no more than ten percent in total calories eaten in a day and instead increase their fat intake to above sixty percent of total calories eaten in a day.


    There are many different diets for people with diabetes and congestive heart failure. All of them have different guidelines about vegetables and fruits, as well as the amount of fat, protein, and carbohydrates that one should consume. It is important to find the right diet for you so that your lifestyle can be healthy and enjoyable without any health complications.

    4. What to avoid diet for congestive heart failure and diabetes

    Avoid eating too much processed food. Processed foods are high in sodium, fat, and sugar content. They often contain ingredients like preservatives that may be bad for your health. Processed foods also usually lack enough nutrients that you need to stay healthy and inflammation free because they rely heavily on refined flours or sugars to deliver these essential nutrients.


    One caveat here is the inclusion of any diet made up primarily of fresh vegetables and fruits as this generally provides more vitamins, minerals, fiber, antioxidants, phytonutrients, etc., than the majority of other diets so it's probably a good idea to include some processed food in your diet if you can't eat 100% raw vegan or something similar.


    Avoid eating too much meat and fish. One problem with eating tons of meat and seafood is that it's hard to get all the vitamins you need from food if your diet consists primarily of plant material. Some people supplement their diets with vitamin supplements, but there are concerns about the quality and safety of these supplements.


    A better solution is to find a source for a real vitamin B-12 dietary supplement that contains active B-12 in a buffered form that your body can use. Light roast seaweed, capers, or fermented soy foods contain active B-12 in a buffered form that your body can use without problems. If you can't tolerate these foods, consider a B-12 supplement.


    Don't eat too much dairy. If you're on a vegan diet, or a raw food diet, or a diet with limited animal product consumption, you might want to skip dairy products for your first few weeks on the new diet. Your body isn't used to processing an entire cow's worth of fat and protein every day! Dairy products are high in fat and sugar content as well as many of the same dangerous chemicals that preservatives contain.


    Note that this is only true if you don't eat fermented dairy products like yogurt or kefir made from raw milk. These dairy products still contain beneficial probiotic bacteria and enzymes which make them much different from factory-produced milk and cheese.


    Avoid eating too much refined sugar and flour. Some people say that eating a lot of sugar is one of the worst things for your health, but not everyone agrees with this hard line approach. It's true that white flour and sugar do not contain many vitamins or minerals, but they're often necessary to help lots of people stay satiated on a raw or vegan diet.

    5. What to eat diet for congestive heart failure and diabetes 

    Many people know that it is important to eat a balanced diet in order to maintain good health. A healthy diet can help protect against chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes and heart disease, which are among the leading causes of death in the United States. Yet, many of us wonder what exactly constitutes a healthy diet.


    What is a healthy diet?


    …is it one that includes all of the foods we need, such as fruits and vegetables? Or, is it one that is low in fat, saturated fat and sodium? It may seem like an easy question to answer, but eating right can get very confusing. So here are some tips to get you started:


    A healthy diet emphasizes the food groups we need to eat — protein foods (especially animal protein), fruits and vegetables — while minimizing the fats and calories we don’t.

     For most people, these recommendations will provide about 1,200 calories per day. So, here’s a simple way of thinking about it: If you eat 1,200 calories per day and don’t exercise, you will gain weight. If you want to weigh less, eat fewer calories and exercise more.


    The food groups that make up the healthy diet include:


    Protein foods (animal or plant-based) Fruits and vegetables (fruits and vegetables) Whole grains (all types of whole grains — whole wheat bread, quinoa, brown rice — and foods made with them like oatmeal and pasta) Healthy fats (like olive oil and canola oil). They give our bodies essential fatty acids without adding too many calories or unhealthy ones [for example trans fat]. Healthy fats are also found in nuts and seeds, avocado, and fish.


    By following these nutrition guidelines, most people can avoid most or all of the chronic diseases that plague the U.S. population.


    Introduction notes: Nutrients from plants can be found in animal products if those plants were fed to animals (plant food eaten by a cow is considered the same as a person eating a serving of a plant source). Most plant foods contain a variety of different nutrients.[/ARTICLE END]

     Exercise for congestive heart failure and diabetes sufferers 

    Hi, I'm ahsan and I suffer from congestive heart failure and diabetes. Exercise has been an important part of my treatment plan for over a decade. Here are some helpful suggestions for other exercise enthusiasts who may be struggling with these conditions:


    Check your blood sugar before you start exercising. Don't exercise if your blood sugar is less than 100 mg/dL. Take insulin or other diabetes medications as prescribed to prevent hypoglycemia during or after exercising.

     Drink plenty of fluids while exercising because dehydration can occur even when you're sweating a lot, especially in hot weather or when doing exercises that cause a lot of sweating, such as running in the heat or going on long bike rides at a high intensity level.

     Avoid strenuous exercise if you're dizzy or lightheaded. Have your doctor check your blood pressure and pulse oximetry (SpO2) before and after exercising to ensure that you're still within healthy ranges. Consider asking your doctor to give you a referral for a trainer or personal trainer.

     While there are numerous free websites for finding free exercise programs, these are usually based on easy, low-intensity exercises people with little or no experience can do by themselves. They may not be suitable for someone with heart failure, diabetes or other health problems.

     Check with your doctor before you start an exercise program to ensure that it's safe for you. This includes making sure you can do the exercises correctly and safely. If you have any questions about what exercises to do during your workout, consult your doctor or physical therapist. 

    Look at websites like this one, www.audiblehealthbenefits.org/diabetes-exercise, to find out what's best for your situation and level of fitness training experience. If you need to take a rest during your workout, that's okay.

     Just make sure you don't sit down or lie down while exercising. A good rule of thumb is to take a break when you can no longer talk in full sentences without pausing.

     For example, if I'm on a treadmill and only able to get out the words "I'm walking," I know it's time for me to take a short break so I can get my heart rate back down again.


     Symptoms of congestive heart failure


    Symptoms of congestive heart failure
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    The symptoms of congestive heart failure are not always easy to detect, but they are very real. Learn about the different signs to watch for which may indicate your loved one is suffering from congestive heart failure.


    Congestive Heart Failure Symptoms


    People who suffer from congestive heart failure experience a combination of symptoms that can be hard to pinpoint since they often look like something else entirely. Here, learn the most common symptoms you should watch for if someone in your life suffers from this condition.


    Chest pain caused by pressure on the heart

    Pain in the upper chest area is often the first symptom to show up if someone is suffering from congestive heart failure. This can be especially painful, especially at night. It is not unusual for people with congestive heart failure to wake up with severe pains in their chest, which can be caused by several things.


    Exercise intolerance & fatigue

    The most common symptom of congestive heart failure is fatigue. People who are suffering from it often find it difficult to perform simple tasks, which makes them more susceptible to falling down or injuring themselves due to exhaustion.


    Pain in the lower body

    Many people with congestive heart failure notice leg pain. This is often a sign that their legs are swelling, which can happen when they have to exert themselves more than usual.


    Tiredness & listlessness

    This is usually a sign that the individual has additional health concerns that require attention. In congestive heart failure , it can be a signal of fluid accumulation in the lungs, causing fatigue and weakness.

     In addition to this, weak muscles can lead to fainting if the person gets too stressed while standing up for too long. Weakness of muscles can also contribute to chronic pain, which sometimes remains even after treatment for congestive heart failure has ended.


    Fluid retention & swelling

    It is common for people who have congestive heart failure to have fluid retention. 

    This can happen when the muscles around the abdomen are no longer able to pump out enough toxins, which leads to the fluid becoming retained in the body.

     It can also happen because of increased pressure on veins, giving reason for fluid to accumulate in the body.


    Weight gain & thirst

    Research has shown that if someone is suffering from congestive heart failure , they are more likely to gain weight than men who do not suffer from it. 

    This is due to their loss of appetite, which can make it difficult for them to manage their weight.

    Diet for congestive heart failure

    The following post is created to help people with congestive heart failure (CHF) and their caregivers better manage the condition and improve their quality of life.


    There are three main areas that should be addressed: food, fluids, and medications.


    Here we summarize the key points about each topic:



    - What foods to eat or avoid for CHF: A diet rich in vitamin C and potassium, such as fruits such as lemons, oranges, grapefruit or bananas; vegetables such as broccoli; lean protein including white fish like cod or haddock; whole grains like oatmeal. Foods high in sodium should be avoided. It is also important to drink only non caffeinated drinks .


    - What fluids to consume: The volume of fluids should be determined by your condition and the amount of work it does. For example if you are suffering from shortness of breath this is your goal - drink 6 to 8 cups (a quart/liter) per day. Avoid drinking too much too fast, because doing so can cause dizziness or passing out . It's also recommended to drink water with meals, because it slows digestion and makes less food available for absorption through the stomach.


    - What medications may be prescribed: Many medications used for CHF may interact with other medicines that you are currently taking or could take in the future, so it's very important that all seniors consult their doctors prior to taking any new medications. Some examples include:

    - Diuretics like hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ), spironolactone (Aldactone) or bendroflumethiazide (Procardia). These medications are taken before bedtime to help the body get rid of extra fluid. Other types of diuretics may be prescribed for heart failure .


    - ACE inhibitors such as enalapril(Vasotec) or benazepril(Lotensin). These medications are taken daily to help prevent the body from losing too much water. ACE inhibitors are commonly used in older adults for high blood pressure .


    - Beta-blockers like atenolol (Tenormin) or propranolol (Inderal). These medications are taken daily to help the heart contract and relax. They also help the body maintain normal skin coloring .


    - Diuretics like furosemide (Lasix), bumetanide (Bumex) or, possibly, torsemide (Demadex). These medications are taken daily to help the body release extra fluid. Other types of diuretics may be prescribed for heart failure .

    Diabetes and diet plan for diabetics with congestive heart failure!

    Many people with congestive heart failure (CHF) experience weight gain and less energy as a result of their disease. Depletion of fat and muscle mass can lead to a decreased ability to exercise and increased appetite. Weight gain is also associated with diabetes, cardiovascular disease, osteoarthritis, sleep apnea, mood problems, high blood pressure and high cholesterol. In order to help prevent weight gain around CHF sufferers it is important you have a proper diet plan in place for your specific health condition. A well-balanced diet can help reduce weight by providing healthy fats from nuts or oils that support the body's natural mechanisms for controlling blood sugar levels as well as control appetite by reducing cravings for sugars or salt.

    The following is a healthy diet plan for a patient with congestive heart failure and diabetes:

    A well balanced diet should consist of low fat whole grain cereals, fruits and vegetables. Whole grains help to stabilize blood sugar levels which helps lower insulin resistance – the precursor to Type 2 diabetes. Low-fat dairy products, particularly skim milk and low-fat yogurt are also good sources of protein. Dairy products help keep you full longer which prevents overeating or snacking later in the day. They also provide calcium which helps to prevent osteoporosis associated with CHF patients. Being aware of your intake of calcium can be important if you take diuretics as they can increase calcium loss in the urine.

    A diet plan to help control blood sugar levels should also include proteins from nuts, seeds and grain as well as low-fat dairy products. These foods cause a slower rise in blood glucose levels. They also provide fiber which helps you feel full longer and prevent overeating or snacking later in the day .

    Exercise is a crucial part of any diet plan for a patient with congestive heart failure and diabetes. Exercise helps burn excess calories by providing muscle strength, improves your mood and reduces your appetite. It can also help you avoid future weight gain which contributes to worsening heart failure. 30 minutes of aerobic activity three times a week plus strengthening exercises twice a week will provide benefits for heart failure.

    The following is a sample meal plan for a patient with congestive heart failure and diabetes:

    Breakfast:

    8 oz. glass of non-fat milk and an apple 1 cup of whole grain cereal and fresh strawberries 1 cup orange juice

    Lunch:

    2 slices whole wheat bread 2 oz. turkey breast 1 slice Swiss cheese 1 tomato slices lettuce  lettuce, tomato and cucumber salad  orange or grapefruit juice

    Dinner:

    Grilled chicken breast (no skin) 1/2 cup brown rice, wild rice or pasta Fresh mixed vegetables, such as green beans and broccoli Orange or grapefruit sections For patients with diabetes – watch your intake of sugar containing foods such as juices.


     Conclusion

    Conclusion: A diet for congestive heart failure is designed to help manage the symptoms of both types of cardiovascular disease. Eating a diet that is low in sodium and full of potassium can be beneficial to your health, but only if you are also following a healthy lifestyle. If you are overweight, have high cholesterol or blood pressure, smoke, or don't exercise regularly, then sticking to a strict diet will not be sufficient for managing your conditions.

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